To look at a
Persian carpet is to gaze into a world of artistic magnificence nurtured for
more then 2,500 years. The Iranians were among the first carpet weaver of the
ancient civilizations and, through centuries of creativity and ingenuity
building upon the talents of the past, achieved a unique degree of
excellence...... The History of Persian Carpet
A Persian Rug has a wide variety of
designs and styles
Although there are several
references in the holy books and ancient manuscripts to the first efforts of
mankind at weaving, there is no evidence that such references apply to the pile
What little is known of the origins of the pile rug is based on suppositions,
nevertheless according to scientific and historical studies, we can assume that
pile weaving had a nomadic origin.
Early European researchers believed that the ancient civilizations of Egypt and
Assyria were the cradles of carpet weaving in the ancient world. Evidence to
support this conclusion was found in the Torah in the chapter of Higira
(Emigration of Israel). In a description of tent decoration there is mention of
a carpet, and also in the stone columns remaining from Shina Nazares the second,
in which the patterns of two carpets are engraved.
These theories are disputed by the discoveries of the well-known Russian
archaeologist Professor S.J Rudenko. In 1949, Professor Rudenko began an
excavation in Pazyryk (in the Altai Mountains of Siberia). Amidst the frozen
tombs, he discovered a piece of pile carpet. This rug, which was thought to be
the oldest pile-knotted rug was woven probably at least five centuries BC. the
size of the rug is cm. 200 x 183. In the centre there are a few rows of stars
with four points, which relates it to various objects excavated in Lorestan
(east of Iran).
According to historical references and similarities of design woven into this
rug, which resemble those seen in Persepolis, one can relate the weaving to the
Achaeminian dynasty. At present this rug is kept in the Leningrad Museum. There
are several different suppositions about the origin of this rug.
Professor Rudenko himself believed that the rug was made by the Medes (170
BC-226 AC.)or possibly ancient Parthians. Schurmann, a respected researcher of
carpet art, believes that the Pazyryk rug was woven in Azarbaijan (in north west
Another researcher, Dimond, believes that the Pazyryk contains figures of
Assyrian and Achaeminian (330-553 BC.)culture, and that its origin is Iran.
Other respected experts have different opinions on the Pazyiyk