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About Persian Carpet

The carpets of Persia are truly an art form unique in scope and creativity. Although hand-made carpets are produced in many parts of the world, none can equal the Persian carpet for intricacy of design, artistry and grace. In the world of Persian carpets, the vast range of design, size, and color affords a diversity not available elsewhere.


To look at a Persian carpet is to gaze into a world of artistic magnificence nurtured for more then 2,500 years. The Iranians were among the first carpet weaver of the ancient civilizations and, through centuries of creativity and ingenuity building upon the talents of the past, achieved a unique degree of excellence...... The History of Persian Carpet

 City Persian Carpets

The fields of old Persian pieces are lavishly covered with intricate designs of buds and blossoms supported by vines and tendril, and frequently encircled by arabesques that interlace so as to form a harmonious whole. Modern pieces frequently have a solid color field with central medallions and triangular corners defined by graceful lines. The field is often covered by realistically drawn or conventionalized floral designs that are arranged with studied precision. Surrounding the fields are several borders containing undulating vines with pendant flowers or palmettes coordinated in design and color with the main pattern. It is in, however, the colors, which are delicate yet rich, subdued yet lustrous, that these rugs surpass all others. Their most distinctive tones are blues, reds, browns, and greens so arranged that the ground colors of border and field generally contrast, yet remain in near perfect harmony. On some city Persian carpets a central motif or medallion is sometimes omitted and instead an all-over design of repetitive floral icons is adopted. To attain the fine and beautiful curvilinear designs common toPersian rugs, the intensity of knots must be increased. Where a tribal rug may have 80-100 knots per square inch (KPSI), a Persian City carpet could have 200-300 KPSI, allowing the closely spaced knots to create a visually curved line. Tribal carpets, on the other hand, usually use geometric designs which are easier to achieve with wider spaced knots.

Persian Tribal Rugs

The names of tribal weaving areas in Iran are usually tied to a nearby city and/or to a tribal name. The Baluch, for example, are found throughout southern Iran. Kurds are found in many areas in Northwest Iran, while in other weaving areas, tribal people with Caucasian and Turkoman origins are found. The tribal rugs are usually made with natural materials - including dyes.

<< A Persian Rug has a wide variety of designs and styles >>

Color of Rugs & Carpet Properties:

One of the appealing aspects of Persian rugs is their warm and soft coloration. The majority of Persian rugs are dyed using plants found locally growing on mountains or farms.
The coloration and the combination of colors in Persian rugs and carpets is a key determinant of the value of your rug. They are many factors that you should consider when it comes to coloration

Vegtable Dye

The art of coloring is as ancient as human history. Humans used different materials for coloration of their houses and even their bodies. We describe here only the materials and vegetables that have been used for the coloration of wool and cotton in Persian rugs and carpets for centuries.

How to count the knotted in Carpet :

 RAJ = Number of the Knots in 7 centimeters

 KPSI = Number of the Knots Per Square Inch

The formula to convert the RAJ to KPSI is :

[(RAJ/7) x2.54]^2=KPSI

For example a 30 Raj Kashan will have:

[(30/7)*2.54]^2= 118 KPSI

Rural and urban carpets

The vast majority of Persian Carpets are made in the rural and urban centres where looms are positioned permanently. The carpets woven in the village workshops are generally thick and those woven in the urban centres are very fine.

Skilled artisans produce several beautiful carpets and designs in their private workshops; and sometimes in government run carpet centres.

 symbols and colors

A Persian carpet